Presbyopia & what it means for you

We’ve all seen people who can’t seem to focus when reading and start holding their book or phone

as far away from themselves as their arm will stretch. This is almost always down to one simple fact

– age, or more accurately ‘old sight’. That is the definition of presbyopia and something that

happens to us all. Simply put, it is a normal loss of near focusing ability that occurs with age, its

main effect being a difficulty in reading small print. It generally occurs in people over the age of 40

and can mean a sudden change to the way we buy spectacles.

Anybody who has worn glasses all their lives may suddenly need to think about a multi-focal lens

which will correct both their distance and near vision. Even those lucky ones who have never

needed visual correction may now need help with reading. This could mean a single pair of reading

glasses or, if they don’t want to worry about taking a pair on and off when required, a multi-

focal lens could also be the answer.

This can be a big change for anyone and is something that needs careful consideration and

explanation to ensure their needs are met in the best way.

So what is a multi-focal lens? This isn’t a simple one word answer I’m afraid, as there are a range of

options available. The most common and well known lens may be the varifocal. This is a lens which becomes progressively more powerful the further the eye moves down the lens. This enables the wearer to get clear vision at all distances and means they can just have the one pair of spectacles for all their


A second option is the bifocal. This lens has been around since the mid 18th century when it was said

that Benjamin Franklin asked his optician to cut his distance lenses and near vision lenses in half and

stick them together. This gave him the ability to see at two focal distances while wearing just the

one pair of specs. Technology may have moved on since then but the premise is much the same,

with a reading segment located in the bottom half of the lens while the top section fulfils the

wearer's distance vision requirements.

In more recent years, occupational lenses have become very popular. This lens is often an excellent

choice for a presbyope who works at a computer for long periods of the day. They enable the wearer

to have sharp vision for both close up and intermediate work, whether that entails using a PC or

some other device.

So remember, whatever your needs, there will be an option out there for you. Be sure to consider

exactly what you do and don’t want your glasses for and most importantly, talk to your optician so

they can help you make the perfect choice!

Always consult a qualified optometrist to confirm a diagnosis!

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